Health Risks with Eyelash Extensions

Women have been improving their eyelashes since long ago. Mascara is a multi-billion dollar industry marketed since 1917. One singer and actress Kristin Chenoweth confessed that an unfortunate ordeal had happened to her. Kristin appeared on the late shown wearing big dark sunglasses to cover up her swollen eyelids. Miss Chenoweth claimed that the glue used to put on the eyelashes had formaldehyde which she is allergic to. In her quest for longer thick eyelashes instead she got something worse, she ended up sneezing and having swollen eyelids.

Thanks to Twiggy fake eyelashes went mainstream in the 1960s. The market has profited a lot due to publicity from various celebrities including Rihanna and Nicki Minaj. The Kardashians have also launched their line of fake eyelashes Faux lashes. They tweeted that having fake fuller lashes is a long gone thing and that the in thing now is to wear the faux lashes confidently without apologising to anyone. Everything has a price so does staying beautiful. Eyelash extensions ( are fixed one by one to the healthy eyelashes. They are glued together with biologic glues or formaldehyde. These glues together with the substances used in removing them can cause allergic reactions to the eyes. Superficial eyelash enhancers carry fungal and bacterial infections.

Reports have also shown that eyelash extensions cause irritation to the cornea or conjunctiva. The irritation is mainly resulting from an allergic reaction due to the substances used in sticking them or by direct contact with the eyelashes themselves. Eyelash extensions among beauty cures account for the maximum number of eye discussions in Japan where they are highly used. Women are getting informed that putting on eyelash extensions can lead to losing of hair resulting in thin eyelashes. Continuous use eyelash extensions may lead to traction alopecia a state where hair falls out due to extreme tension on the hair shaft. This can result in damage to the hair follicle which in return can lead to a permanent ceasing growth of hair.

Temporary eyelashes can also cause health problems. Pulling off fake eyelashes can lead to the …

HIV – what you need to know

1.1 Did you know?

HIV is the virus that causes AIDS
There are more than 33 million people worldwide living with HIV/ AIDS
More than half of these people are women and children
HIV/AIDS affects everyone regardless age, skin colour, cultural background or religion
There is no cure for AIDS.
Using condoms during anal and vaginal sex, and not sharing needles or other injecting equipment remain the most effective ways to protect yourself from HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
Worldwide, sex between men and women is the main route of HIV transmission.

In Australia

There are currently about 17,000 people living with HIV/AIDS.
Here in Australia, HIV has been transmitted mainly through sex between men. However, transmission through sex between men and women is increasing.

1.2 How can I avoid becoming infected with HIV?

Sexual Intercourse

HIV can be transmitted through tiny invisible cuts and scrapes in the surface of the vagina, penis or anus during unprotected sex with a HIV positive (infected) person.

To avoid transmission of HIV practice SAFE SEX:

Using a new condom and water- based lubricant (eg. KY jelly or Wet stuff) every time you have vaginal or anal sex. This will also protect you from most other sexually transmitted infections.

How to use a condom?

1. Open packet with care to avoid tearing the condom. 2. Squeeze the tip of the condom between your finger and thumb to remove air and roll the condom down the penis (pull back the foreskin if necessary before putting the condom on) 3. Once the condom is on the penis cover with water-based lubricant. 4. Hold the condom at the base of the penis when you withdraw to prevent semen spilling out. 5. Put the condom in the bin.


Injecting drugs, body piercing or tattooing
HIV can be transmitted through sharing needles and syringes and by having body piercing and tattooing done with used needles.

To avoid transmission of HIV when injecting drugs:

Don’t share needles, syringes and other equipment used to inject drugs.

To avoid transmission of HIV when having body piercing and …

Hepatitis C – what you need to know

1.1 What is hepatitis C?

The word ‘hepatitis’ means inflammation of the liver. This inflammation can be caused by chemicals, drugs, drinking too much alcohol, or viruses. Hepatitis C (HCV), or “hep C”, is caused by the hepatitis C virus.
1.2 Is hep C the same as hep A and hep B?

Hep A, hep B and hep C are all different viruses which can cause liver inflammation. Each virus is transmitted in different ways. You can be vaccinated against hep A and hep B, but there is no vaccine to prevent hep C. It is possible to have different hepatitis viruses at the same time.

About 1 in every 100 people in Australia and around the world has hep C, and many people don’t know that they have it. People can have hep C and not know because it can take many years for symptoms to appear.
1.3 How do you get hep C?

Hep C is transmitted when blood from one person with hep C enters the blood stream of another person. This is called blood-to-blood contact. Even amounts of blood too small to see with your naked eyes can transmit the virus. There are lots of myths about how hep C is transmitted, so it is important to remember that:

You CAN get hep C by: High Risk
• Unsterile medical or dental procedures and traditional medical practices where the skin is pierced. In many countries this is the most common way that hep C is transmitted. The blood supply, vaccinations and medical procedures in Australia are safe.
• Re-using someone else’s injecting equipment for drugs, including steroids – this is the way hep C
is most commonly transmitted in Australia.
• Unsterile tattooing or body piercing.

Low Risk
• Needle stick injuries to health workers.
• Mother to child transmission may happen during pregnancy or childbirth if mother has hep C.
• Blood product transfusion in Australia before 1990.
• Re-using someone else’s personal items that may have blood on them, such as razors and toothbrushes.
• Blood-to-blood contact during sex.
• Needle stick injuries …